Listed here are my reasons for purchasing a new trike and why I decided on a Revo.
Background. I fly almost every day now professionally doing inrto flights and primary training. Awesome job loving it. Right now I am flying a stiff 14.5 square meter wing (very nice overall) with a 582 at density altitudes 5000 to 12,000 feet. Doing the math, the Rotax 65 HP goes to about 52 HP at 7000 foot density altitude and about 42 HP at 12,000. Barely enough to handle the 14.5 meter wing.
If I had a smaller wing, I could fly more hours and everyone would be happier. Bottom line, a smaller wing needs more horsepower . So after 3 years of flying full time I decided to sell my great Apollo Monsoon 582 and go to a 912S so I can get a smaller wing.
OK which trike? Here are the reasons why I choose a Revo, generally in the order of importance which helped my decision:
Almost everyone who calls and asks about buying a trike wants a Revo.
Topless small wings.
Easy to get in and out of loading and unloading people (similar to my Apollo Monsoon)
Easy handling/response for ease of flying and safety/recovery in the bumps
Super sexy looking.
Made in the USA with easy parts/great service.
There you have it.
Calm wind - stall at touchdown.
Turbulent/bumpy conditions - fly it onto the ground well above stall speed and pin it. The more gusty/bumpy the conditions, the faster above stall speed you pin it on the ground.
Can anyone tell me of any online resources for Sport Pilot exam. I use to have a test prep cd but now I don't have it and also I don't have a computer with a CD, it is just a netbook with no CD-ROM.
I don't mind paying for the downloadable questions that don't require a cd.
RIP Guido. I will remember you for the few days I got to have the pleasure of your company and all the jokes and remarks you made.
If anyone is up for it I would love to hear about some principles of airmanship that you have come to embrace over the years. I'll start out:
From one of my first instructors, a very experienced arctic flier, I learned that you always want to take the first hit as you may not walk away from the second. This may sound cryptic, but think about how many times our inability to accept a mistake we made, even if not entirely our fault, leads to worse in the name of airman pride or convenience. Many times the first hit may be some embarrasment - an aborted take off or a planning mistake that cuts short a cross country - or even some aircraft damage.
Example: One of my fellow taxi pilots flying a fully loaded c-182 opted for a landing on a wet grass strip with high trees at the end. Only under ideal conditions would this be safe. During his aproach the wind changed from a light cross to a 5-10 knot tail. At touch down, he realized he could not brake in time due to the slippery surface and the extra GS he was carrying - the first hit would be to "commit" to his mistake, or at least the conditions he found himself in, and slide off the runway with some damage to prop and undercarriage. Instead he chose what became his second hit - a very questionable go around ending up killing all onboard as he never fully cleared the trees, ending up in a ball of fire and wreckage.
Lesson: When facing trouble, selfmade or not - accept the conditons and be ready to pay up at register one - it almost always is the best deal.
I am thinking of buying my second wing and like your input. Currently I fly a 19 meter Northwing with my Navajo trike that has an HKS 700e engine and I am thinking of getting a 15 meter single surface wing and I need your guidance.
On one hand you have Northwing and on the other Gibbo. Gibbo wing is at least 2000 dollars cheaper. But because of the reduced span of the Gibbo wing, I have heard that your engine has to work extra hard by at least 800 rpms for the same level flight....is that right?
All I want to do is to get a 15 meter for kinda mid day flying. I am still not a big cross country guy, just like to get air time around the patch but want to fly just a tad bid faster.
In the past I had thought of getting a 12.5 meter Gibbo and was very strongly discouraged by many on this forum.
Guidance please :)
There is an industry stigma that Rotax 2 stroke engines 503/582 are not as reliable as the 4 stroke 912 and they die quickly and for unknown reasons. The truth is that 2 strokes do not die, THEY ARE MURDERED.
Here are some simple tips to help you run your 2 stroke as reliably as possible.
MIX OIL AT THE PROPER RATIO
First and most important – use the manufacturer RECOMMENDED mixing ratio. Most Rotax 2 stroke engine failures are simply from lack of lubrication. I have heard so many stories about how people are so proud to have mixed at 100 to 1 instead of the required 50 to 1 because someone said it was OK. At 100 to 1 the engine runs great with less smoke but with half the engine manufacturer lubrication it will fail. That would be like running the four stroke with half the lubrication. The oil injection system is a great way to provide the proper mixture the engine without having to premix at 50 to 1. It provides the proper mixture at full throttle 50 to 1, and a higher mixing ratio progressively to idle. Overall, oil injection is great because it will produce less carbon deposits in the engine allowing it to go further without decarboning.
USE GOOD OIL
Use a good well know reliable oil. Many engine failures are from some new oil mixture, some magic new oil or someone trying to save money on cheap oil. I recommend three types of oil. The most reliable over history is the Pennzoil - 2-cycle Air-Cooled Engine Oil. This has been tested and is proven to be the best dinosaur oil. This is the preferred oil if you are in a humid area and/or go for longer periods without running your engine. Pennzoil - 2-cycle Air-Cooled Engine Oil produces the least amount of carbon deposits (for dinosaur oil) and keeps oil on internal components with so they do not corrode when sitting in a humid environment for longer periods without being run.
The new Aero Shell Sport PLUS 2 has been recently developed specifically for Rotax 2 stroke engines and has been tested and provides the same protection as the Penzoil. This is another recommended viable option.
Another option is Amsoil 2 stroke synthetic oil for low humidity environments where you run the engine more and do not let it sit around for long periods. The advantage is that it produces less carbon and burns cleaner. The disadvantage is that the synthetic oil which does not coat the internal components of the engine as well over time allowing internal corrosion which can lead to engine failure.
Using fresh fuel from a major manufacturer will help an engine run better and avoid detonation and preignition which will cause extra wear and tear and eventual engine failure. Higher octane fuels are generally more refined and higher quality so pay the extra per gallon for a quality brand high octane fuel. Fuel degrades octane over time so fresh fuel is better. I usually drain my fuel if it is more than 3 weeks and put in fresh fuel.
MANAGE ENGINE TEMPERATURES
Warm the engine up. If you go to takeoff power with a cold engine, it creates extra wear and tear and will fail than or create damage and fail later. Even when the CHT and water temperature reach the proper operating temperature the crank and gearbox may not be properly heated for takeoff power . Besides getting up to operating temperature, I run my two strokes for at least 6 minutes in the summer and 8 minutes in the winter to warm the complete engine before takeoff power. If you do a long descent the engine cools to below operating temperature. During a long descent bring the RPM UP to somewhere mid RPM 400/4500 to warm it up before applying full power. If the engine is cold and you go right to full power, the aluminum piston will heat up, expand and will either scratch the inside of the cylinder which will lead to eventual engine failure. Many times the engine will seize/stop as the piston gets big enough where it cannot move. This is the classic problem where the engine fails, the engine piston and cylinder walls equalize, and then the engine starts and runs fine. This “Cold Seizure” is the big mystery of why the engine stopped but runs fine now. It runs fine but has been damaged because the inside of the cylinder walls and piston are scratched. Simply managing your engine temperature will avoid this problem. The 582 Blue head does have 2 thermostats to minimize this situation but proper temperature management will avoid this problem.
Historically, rebuilt engines have a much higher probability of failure than a new factory spec engine. I do not trust a rebuilt engine. A new block (crankcase, pistons, head, electric/mags, oil injection) only cost about $5000 for a 582 so simply replace the block when it is time. In my opinion, a rebuilt engine is unreliable and worthless. I have only heard bad things about rebuilt engines. When is it time for a new engine? Rotax recommends and requires for S-LSA a rebuild/new engine at 300 hours. Industry experts say with proper operation as discussed above they can go about twice 600 hours to 800 hours which plenty of 505/582’s go. I replaced my 503 at 750 hours. I premixed Pennzoil at 50 to 1, ran premium fuel, managed the temperature and never had a blip, hesitation or bad moment. At 750 hours, it ran great, compression was good and there was no difference when I put the new engine on. Two strokes run great unless they are murdered.USE GOOD FUEL
John Williams set out June 6 in his Revo, flying from Williamsburg, VA towards New Braunsfel, TX. A family friend Kenzie, is along for the first part leg of this trip as they fight their way through the awful weather that has been pummeling the East and Southeastern parts of the US. Here is a link to John's blog about this walk - (fly) - about. Follow John as This Most Excellent Adventure unfolds.
I also left June 6 from Lodi, CA to meet John in New Braunsfel. The biggest challenge so far has just been getting out the hangar door (Well that and downing a shot like a Real Cowboy! I'll tell you about that in a moment.).
Two weeks before leaving,I damaged my prop on a trip around the Eastern Sierra Nevada Mountains. Luckily it's a Warp Drive Prop and I was able to send it by Two Day Air to Daryl at Warp Drive in Iowa, where he repaired it and sent it back by Two Day Air also with a couple days to spare. But then things got strange.
An ordinary muscle spasm in my back kept growing and growing and getting more and more painful until I was laying on the floor of my bathroom throwing up from the pain. Is this what a heart attack feels like? I threw up about 30 times from the pain and at that point was finally able to be driven to the ER. My heart is great and all I needed was DRUGS...NARCOTICS. OMG it felt so good to not hurt --- lucky I don't have an addictive personality.
So a few massages, a transition to Advil and and a couple days to shake this all off and I'll be ready to go...right? Well, I thought so anyway. Then my trike radio AND my interface blew up, fried, shot...don't ask me how, we don't have the time here. So work is a mess but manageable, I'm out of the ER and off narcotics and beginning to enjoy Advil, I re-installed the prop (don't worry, not while on the narcotics) and now I need to PACK AND INSTALL A NEW RADIO AND INTERFACE IN ONE AFTERNOON?
There was only one thing to do. Rig up my trusty Icom A6 and hope it worked. Got to bed by 11 PM and the first radio test was as I flew by Modesto tower the next morning. "Uh, Modesto Tower, this is Experimental 912QR, radio check please?". "Loud and clear!", he responded. Yahoo! The trip was on!
The WX was clear skies and hot as I headed south down the California San Joaquin Valley and crossed the Tehachapi Mountains at 11,500' due to the strong headwinds and as anyone who has flown in desert areas knows, the ferocious thermals. Most of the flying was at 9,500' across the Mojave Desert but it was getting pretty bouncy even up there and I need to come down for fuel at Blythe, CA. Wow, what a ride. There was a Citation doing touch and goes as I descended and I just hung on for dear life. Maybe the kind hearted Citation pilot heard the girl like squeal of fear in my voice but he extended his downwind by a lot to allow me to cut a few corners and come in for a smooth landing. I'm not sure how hot it was when I landed but a couple hours later I was told it was 111 degrees!
Well the next day I was fully back into the old routine. Early departure, a fuel stop at Manama AP just west of Tucson, AZ and the final destination at Dona Ana AP just west of El Paso, TX. Also there seems to be a new routine of the roller coaster ride down through the thermals, squeals over the radio and somehow I made it again. It seemed cooler here. Only 101 degrees.
This called for a celebration! Off to the Texas Roadhouse for dinner. What a great place! Hank Williams and Waylon Jennings blasting over the sound system, eat your peanuts and throw the shells on the floor and then yell HELL-YEAH!!! And then what happens next? Well HELL-YEAH comes right back at you!
Well I know you're probably wondering at this point about that thing I mentioned at the very beginning? You know about downing a shot like a Real Cowboy? I was kinda dry and all after that long flight and cheating death does give you a powerful thirst. They have these giant margaritas at the Texas Roadhouse and for just $1 more you get a "kicker" with it. "What's a kicker I asked the waitress?" I couldn't really hear her very well 'cause Waylon hit a particularly soulful part of "Tonight The Bottle Let Me Down" and she probably mistook by head moving to Waylon as "a kicker is a great ass idea". A short time later this enormous margarita shows up with a giant test tube stuck upright in the margarita slush, full of this very strong smelling, amber colored alcohol drink. Well as the great Johnny C once said in "A Boy Named Sue", "What else could I do?!"
So my pretty young waitress shows up awhile later, nods approvingly as she sees the empty kicker tube and the empty gigantic margarita glass and asked, "How did you drink the kicker?" "Well I poured it into the margarita glass and drank it all through the pink and yellow swirly straw. How else could I drink it?" A look of disgust crossed her face as she rolled her eyes upward and turned away and I thought she said, " a Real Cowboy just knocks it back and chases it with a beer.". I can't be sure 'cause just then Hank Williams broke into the chorus of " I Got Them Honky Tonk Blues".